Installing the Android SDK

While the Android SDK is primarily used by developers to create Android apps, it comes with a few tools that can be very useful for power users. For example, you can use the SDK to make screenshots, install non-market apps on AT&T Android phones, and even run an Android emulator on your PC. Not only is the SDK freely available for download, it is compatible with Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux systems, so almost anyone with a computer and basic knowledge of the terminal or Windows command prompt can take advantage of these tools. Rooting your phone is not necessary to use this guide.

Android Developer’s Install guide : http://developer.android.com/sdk/installing.html

You can follow Google’s guide, although it’s geared more toward setting up a full development environment with the Eclipse IDE. If you don’t plan on developing apps you don’t really need to install Eclipse, so for non-developers it’s probably easier to just follow along below.

  1. Install the Java JDK, if necessary. It should be preinstalled on Mac OS X systems. For Windows, you will need to download and install the JDK from here. On most Linux systems, the JDK can be downloaded from the system’s package manager. For example, in Ubuntu, you can install the SDK by running the command sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jdk from the terminal. If all else fails, you can try to install the JDK manually by downloading the latest Linux version from here.
  2. Download the appropriate version of the Android SDK for your OS here. Extract it to an easy to find location on your computer. On Windows I would recommend just extracting it to the top level of the C: drive, but you can extract it pretty much anywhere.
  3. On Windows, open the Android-SDK folder you just extracted and run SDK setup.exe. On Linux and OS X, execute the file simply called “android” inside the tools folder. You can download any components you wish, but you should get at least one SDK platform if you want to run an emulator. If you’re using OS X you can skip to the next step since you don’t need USB drivers. If you’re running Windows and have one of these phones: the HTC Dream/T-mobile G1, the HTC Magic/Mytouch 3G, the (original) Droid, or the Nexus One, download the USB drivers from the SDK. If you’re running Windows and have a different Android phone, you may have to download and install the Windows USB drivers from the manufacturer’s support website (Motorola, HTC, Samsung, LG, Sony Ericsson) or your carrier’s support website. Linux users should follow this guide (specifically step 3) from the Android Developer’s site to set up the USB configuration for your phone.
  4. On your Android device go to Settings—>Applications—>Development and enable “USB Debugging”. Connect the phone to your computer by USB cable, but don’t turn on USB storage mode. Wait for the phone to be recognized and/or any drivers that may need to be installed. Once the phone has been recognized by the computer, open the command prompt/terminal,  navigate to the tools folder inside the android SDK folder, and type adb devices. If you see your device (usually a long device code followed by the word ‘device’) in the list, the installation was successful!

Here are some other guides to install the SDK for non-developers.

http://wiki.cyanogenmod.com/index.php?title=Howto:_Install_the_Android_SDK

http://www.talkandroid.com/android-sdk-install-guide/

http://androidandme.com/2009/10/news/how-to-install-android-sdk-and-play-with-android-2-0-in-the-emulator/

http://www.androidcentral.com/sdk-driver-root-oh-my

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